Insulin resistance is extremely common. Insulin resistance means that the cells have become resistant to insulin and the insulin levels in the body are constantly raised as more insulin is being pumped into the body to maintain sugar balance when insulin no longer works as it should. You can still have normal blood sugar levels, and only elevated insulin levels, so insulin can be a problem even if you are not diabetic. Insulin resistance can be hidden for many years.
After reading about blood sugar and insulin, I learned that insulin is actually one the most important things to look at when talking about excess weight, but also aging, health and beauty. The lower your insulin levels the better, as raised insulin levels have been found to cause many illnesses. The only way to ensure low insulin levels is to follow a low carbohydrate diet. Diet with plenty of carbohydrates raise insulin levels significantly, but also other factors do play a huge role; genes, smoking, lack of exercise, not enough sleep, stress, low vitamin D -levels, lack of omega 3 and too much omega 6 in your diet all cause problems. Also many types of medication cause insulin resistance, especially statins.
Insulin resistance leads to metabolic syndrome and pre-diabetes, but also many other illnesses. Raised blood pressure is one of the first signs of insulin levels being too high. Actually when starting a diet low in carbohydrates, the first benefits you notice health-wise are lower blood pressure levels. Even cancer has been linked to raised insulin levels as well as Alzheimers disease and, of course, type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is therefore just one of many problems that raised insulin levels cause.
If you are overweight, you are very likely to be suffering from raised insulin levels, even if your blood sugar is normal. You might also constantly feel hungry and have the need for snacks, crave carbohydrates and sugar, overeat, or suffer from symptoms such as skin problems, exhaustion, tiredness, anxiety, mood swings, depression, hair loss, problems with memory. As hypoglycaemia is behind many of these symptoms, people tend to treat them by eating sugar which only makes things worse.
If you have had your cholesterol levels checked recently, you can find signs from the results that point towards problems with insulin. Insulin resistance raises triglycerides and lowers HDL cholesterol.
There is no medication that help with insulin resistance. You can only treat some of the symptoms, but nutritious diet low in carbohydrates is the only way to keep insulin levels at bay, and you healthy.